Printing engineering of Wuhan University of Survey

2022-08-06
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School of printing engineering, Wuhan University of Surveying and Mapping Science and Technology (Part 2)

facing the development of knowledge economy

in the era of industrial economy, capital, equipment and materials are the main production resources, while in the era of knowledge economy, knowledge is the main production resource. That is to say, talents are the main resources of knowledge economy. The rapid accumulation of knowledge, the endless emergence of scientific and technological innovation and the rapid transformation of scientific and technological achievements have become the prominent characteristics of this era. With the benign discipline structure and age structure required by scientific research, as well as the complementarity of science and engineering and the integration of Arts and Sciences, universities have the advantages of benign discipline ecology in terms of knowledge, methods and cultural concepts, thus becoming the center of scientific research and the cradle of talents. Therefore, the university is an important base for the country to implement the development strategy of knowledge economy. This is more prominent and crucial than any economic era

the printing industry is an important part of the information industry. It belongs to high and new technology, and the technology and equipment are updated rapidly. It can be said that the influence of computer technology and digital technology on traditional industry has been fully reflected here. As an important base for training printing information engineering talents, the school of printing engineering of Wuhan University of Surveying and technology, in order to adapt to the characteristics and needs of the new economy, is determined to take a series of measures and carry out a series of reforms in terms of discipline complementarity, cross integration, student training, teacher construction, laboratory construction, etc

1. discipline expansion

with the continuous development, improvement, popularization and application of computer technology and networking technology, an unprecedented technological revolution has taken place in the printing industry, which has shifted its production mode from the traditional analog production based on photographic color separation, text Phototypesetting and manual jigsaw puzzles, which can only make the general foundation according to the foundation map and leave the anchor screw hole for pouring and consolidation, to the global networking Modern full digital printing production based on on-demand printing/publishing (personalized production)

in addition, with the emergence of electronic media, there is also a trend of transformation of some products, such as CD and online publishing, which is the so-called phenomenon of media diversification. Accordingly, the technologies covered in the production have also changed from the original photography technology, plate printing technology and manual plate making technology to the current digital information processing technology, digital compression technology, networking technology, DTP, digital direct plate making, digital direct printing, etc. Therefore, the original concept of "printing engineering" which well describes the simulated production process from "original manuscript → photographic color separation → text typesetting → composition → copy → print → proofing → printing → printed products" can not be accurately It reflects the digital production process from "digital information source → prepress processing (computer processing) → network transmission (or digital compression storage) → printing output or electronic publishing → printed products". Therefore, since the 1980s, European and American countries have increasingly replaced "printing" with the name of graphic art or graphic communication

on the other hand, the development of science and technology in the new century and the intersection and integration of disciplines are one of the major trends. Almost all the major discoveries and inventions of modern science and technology have made breakthroughs in interdisciplinary fields. The printing engineering discipline has the characteristics of rapid technology updating and involving many disciplines, so it especially needs interdisciplinary intersection and integration to promote the development of this discipline. Obviously, in order to remain invincible in the future development, the school of printing engineering must expand its disciplines on the basis of the original printing engineering disciplines, integrate disciplines such as image science, art design, mechanical and electrical engineering, business and enterprise management, form an interactive development of disciplines, and cultivate compound talents who conform to the trend and adapt to changes for the modern printing industry

2. talent cultivation

① cultivation of innovation consciousness and scientific spirit

the production of knowledge economy is characterized by informatization and intelligence. It takes the continuous progress of scientific research and the continuous innovation of high and new technology as its internal motivation. Innovation is the soul of knowledge economy. Countries with sustainable innovation ability and a large number of high-quality human resources have the great ability to develop knowledge economy; However, countries that lack high-quality talents and the ability to identify and innovate the international scientific frontier will inevitably lose the historical opportunities brought by the era of knowledge economy. Therefore, today's printing higher education should gradually weaken its historical role in disseminating scientific and technological knowledge, and take the cultivation of information engineering talents with innovative consciousness and scientific spirit as its main goal. To achieve this goal, we must reform the traditional educational ideas, methods, contents and means. For example:

vigorously advocate the scientific spirit and innovative consciousness in Ideological and moral education courses and at all levels of teaching and educating people. Set up a model of scientific and technological innovation for teachers and students. For example, our college has been carrying out the activities of selecting the top ten science and technology and excellent graduation thesis for many years

add courses such as "scientific history" and "scientific methods". Let students understand the history of scientific development, the causes, background, means of major scientific discoveries, and the experience education that human beings should learn from them. Theoretically, it establishes a scientific way of thinking for students and the position of scientific experiments in scientific discovery

research and establish a scientific teaching quality evaluation system and students' academic performance evaluation system at the same time, and strive to create an open, fair and just competitive environment and academic atmosphere in the college. In such a relaxed environment, students' self-esteem, self-confidence and personality are cultivated, and the blind obedience mentality of book, supremacy and power is removed. The habit of independent thinking and judgment is formed to stimulate creative passion

keep up with the development of printing technology and constantly enrich and update the teaching content. The focus of teachers' work should gradually shift to cultivating students' scientific spirit and attitude, and training students' thinking and operating skills

② wide caliber talent training

a major feature of knowledge economy is that knowledge is more friendly and faster. Therefore, printing higher education should pay attention to the cultivation of students' abilities, such as learning ability, information receiving and processing ability, social ability, etc Sample preparation: according to the preparation requirements of the experiment in the standard, students' ability to adapt to changes after entering the society will be enhanced. That is, the implementation of wide caliber talent training. Therefore, in addition to the reform of teaching methods and contents, the college also needs to modify the curriculum accordingly. Such as further increasing the number of elective class hours; Pay attention to the interdisciplinary integration; Add art design courses to cultivate students' cutting-edge design ability; Add business and management courses to cultivate business and management ability

on the basis of ensuring undergraduate education, vigorously develop graduate education to form a talent training echelon of undergraduate graduate doctoral students. For undergraduates, we should pay attention to the education of generalists by turning the worktable and lowering the handwheel manually, so as to form a scientific way of thinking and strong practical ability, so as to adapt to technological updates and social changes; For postgraduates, attention should be paid to the cultivation of scientific research ability, management ability, analysis and evaluation ability, decision-making and planning ability, etc

3. construction of teaching staff

in order to cultivate college students and graduate students with scientific spirit and innovative consciousness, we must build a team of masters, and only famous teachers can produce excellent students. Many Nobel laureates' mentors are Nobel laureates, and they themselves are erudite masters. For example, herbertsimon, the winner of the Nobel Prize for economics in 1978, is a professor of computer science and psychology at Carnegie Mellon University in the United States. His works are not only numerous, but also cover a wide range, far beyond his professional scope. If the students required to be trained are compound talents, but the teachers themselves are ignorant and conservative, the result will only be a mistake for people's children. Therefore, the college aims to further optimize the academic structure of teachers. Within five years, we will strive to make 20% of the teachers receive doctoral degrees and 80% of the teachers receive master's degrees. At the same time, strengthen scientific research, make teaching and scientific research develop interactively, and train teachers in the practical activities of teaching and scientific research

4. form a school running pattern of mutual combination and promotion of industry, University and research

make full and flexible use of the existing resources of the college, and vigorously develop and correct scientific research cooperation; To train professionals needed by the society and enterprises through a variety of school running modes, strengthen the social service function of printing colleges and universities, and form a school running pattern in which industry, University and research are combined and promoted each other

the knowledge economy has brought us challenges. According to the characteristics of the knowledge economy, it is the only way for the development of printing higher education to reform the educational methods, talent training objectives and models, curriculum equipment, strengthen the construction of laboratories and teachers, expand disciplines, and expand foreign exchanges; The knowledge economy also brings us opportunities, such as the knowledge and talents generated by the knowledge economy, the huge demand for higher education, and the great attention and investment of the state, society and enterprises in higher education. Seizing the opportunity and meeting the challenge, the school of printing engineering of Wuhan University of Surveying and mapping technology will grow stronger in this competition. Soon we will become an important part of the new Wuhan University. I believe that the new Wuhan University will have a better future under the direct leadership of the Ministry of Education

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